Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

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Founded in 2022, CURExplore is a service provider that brings together guests from abroad through medical staff and translators who can speak their own language.

CURExplore, which organizes international patients from all over the world, mostly from Europe to Turkey, is an Istanbul-based health tourism intermediary company that is a member of TURSAB (Association of Turkish Travel Agencies) with the code 14076 and has the Ministry of Health Accreditation.

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    Küçükbakkalköy neighborhood. Merdivenköy Yolu neighborhood. No:12/1 Ataşehir / İstanbul

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      Frequently Asked Questions on Allergic Rhinitis Treatment

      Rhinitis, commonly known as a "cold," is the inflammation of the nasal mucosa. It usually occurs as a reaction to allergens (such as pollen, dust, animal dander) or viral infections (like the common cold). Symptoms of rhinitis include nasal discharge, congestion, sneezing, and itching. There are two main types: allergic rhinitis and non-allergic rhinitis.

      Allergic rhinitis is a type of nasal inflammation that occurs due to the body's hypersensitivity to allergens. These allergens can include pollen, dust mites, animal dander, mold, etc. Typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis include nasal discharge, nasal congestion, sneezing, and itchy, watery eyes. While some people experience these symptoms throughout the year, others may feel them more intensely during certain seasons, especially pollen seasons.


      Allergic rhinitis is characterized by the immune system's overreaction to substances that are normally harmless. The body perceives these substances as harmful and releases chemicals like histamine, causing a reaction. This leads to the onset of symptoms.

      The symptoms of allergic rhinitis typically include;

      • Nasal Discharge And Congestion: Exposure to allergens inflames the nasal mucosa and produces excess mucus, leading to nasal discharge and congestion.


      • Sneezing: Allergic rhinitis can cause frequent and serial sneezing, as the body tries to clear allergens from the nasal mucosa.


      • Itchy Nose, Eyes, Ears, And Throat: The release of histamine in response to allergens can cause itching, especially in the nose, eyes, ears, and throat.


      • Watery And Red Eyes: Allergic rhinitis can accompany allergic conjunctivitis, leading to watery and red eyes.


      • Fatigue And Restlessness: Constant nasal congestion and other symptoms, especially affecting sleep quality, can lead to a general feeling of fatigue and restlessness.


      • Headache: In chronic allergic rhinitis, continuous nasal congestion and sinus pressure can cause headaches.


      • Reduced Sense Of Smell: Nasal congestion can affect your ability to smell.


      These symptoms can vary from person to person and may appear in varying degrees depending on the intensity of exposure to allergens. If you are experiencing these symptoms, it's important to consult a health professional for accurate diagnosis and treatment.

      Allergic rhinitis typically arises as an overreaction to environmental allergens. These allergens include pollen, dust mites, mold spores, animal dander, and some foods. The substances causing allergic rhinitis mistakenly trigger the body's immune system, leading to an overreaction. During this reaction, the body releases histamine and other chemicals, causing inflammation, swelling, and excessive mucus production in the nasal mucosa.


      Genetic factors are also believed to play a role in the development of allergic rhinitis; that is, if your family has a history of allergies or asthma, you may have a higher risk of developing allergic rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis is more common during spring and summer, the pollen season, but some people react to allergens they are continuously exposed to throughout the year, like dust mites.

      Allergic rhinitis can affect people of all ages but typically begins in childhood or early adulthood. A predisposition to allergic diseases can be genetically inherited, so if your family members have allergic rhinitis, asthma, or other allergic conditions, you are more likely to develop allergic rhinitis. Environmental factors can also contribute; for instance, those living in areas with high pollen counts or regularly exposed to allergens like dust, mold, and animal dander have a higher risk of developing allergic rhinitis.


      Additionally, external factors like exposure to cigarette smoke, air pollution, and chemicals can increase the risk of allergic rhinitis. However, allergic rhinitis can begin at any age, and some people may experience symptoms of allergic rhinitis for the first time later in life. Therefore, both genetic and environmental factors play a role in the onset of allergic rhinitis, affecting a wide age range of individuals.

      The treatment of allergic rhinitis aims to alleviate symptoms and control allergic reactions. The first step is to avoid allergens if possible. For example, for those with pollen allergies, limiting time spent outdoors during pollen season, keeping windows in homes and cars closed, and using air purifiers can help. Regular house cleaning, using anti-allergy bedding, and controlling humidity levels are recommended for those allergic to dust mites.


      Medical treatments include antihistamines, nasal sprays against allergies, and decongestants. Antihistamines reduce the effects of histamine released during an allergic reaction, thus relieving itching, sneezing, and nasal discharge. Nasal sprays containing steroids help reduce inflammation and swelling in the nose. Decongestants can temporarily reduce nasal congestion. In severe cases or for long-term treatment, allergy shots (immunotherapy) may be an option. This method involves administering small and increasing doses of allergens to build tolerance against a specific allergen.


      As each patient's situation is different, consulting an allergy specialist to determine the most suitable treatment plan is important. Additionally, caution should be exercised when using over-the-counter medications, and a doctor should be consulted in case of any side effects. Treatment of allergic rhinitis can significantly improve the patient's quality of life and reduce the severity of allergic reactions.

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